Conservation, Restoration An Imperative
Global demands for food, feed and fuel continue to increase at unprecedented rates. Meanwhile, the agricultural land base needed for food production is shrinking in many parts of the world. To compensate, agricultural operations for livestock, soybeans and palm oil have been converting the world’s tropical rainforests into farmland. The results of this massive deforestation have been devastating for people, planet and wildlife.
Land use, land-use change, and forestry is one of the most urgent issues facing the planet. Land conversion is the single greatest cause of extinction of terrestrial species. Deforestation is one of the leading causes of global warming and climate change. Meanwhile, global warming is sparking more forest fires and larger forest fires.
The type of land use directly affects wildlife habitat, which impacts local and global biodiversity. Human engineering of landscapes from natural vegetation causes habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, all of which can have devastating effects on biodiversity. Urban growth is a problem for forests and agriculture, as the expansion of structures prevents natural land use.
Rising pressure on the land base as energy policies encourage more bioenergy production.
In order to prevent the loss of wildlife, forests must maintain a stable climate and the land must remain undeveloped. Forests can be sustained by different forest management techniques such as reforestation and preservation. Reforestation can help stabilize ecosystems, but preservation is essential.
The United Nations General Assembly has proclaimed the UN Decade On Ecosystem Restoration following a proposal for action by over 70 countries from all latitudes. The UN Decade is building a strong, broad-based global movement to ramp up restoration and put the world on track for a sustainable future. That will include building political momentum for restoration as well as thousands of initiatives on the ground.
The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration is a rallying call for the protection and revival of ecosystems all around the world. It aims to halt the degradation of ecosystems, and restore them to achieve global goals.
Only with healthy ecosystems can we enhance people’s livelihoods, counteract climate change, and stop the collapse of biodiversity.
Read the full story about the Decade Of Restoration