UN Standing Up For Ecosystem Restoration
Degraded lands are the center of attention as global demands for food, feed and fuel continue to rise. Meanwhile, the agricultural land base needed for production is shrinking in many parts of the world. Land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF), also referred to as Forestry and Other Land Use (FOLU) is one of the most urgent issues facing the planet. Land conversion is the single greatest cause of extinction of terrestrial species. Deforestation is one of the leading causes of global warming and climate change. The extent, and type of land use directly affects wildlife habitat and thereby impacts local and global biodiversity. Human alteration of landscapes from natural vegetation to any other use can result in habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation, all of which can have devastating effects on biodiversity.
Urban growth has become a problem for forests and agriculture, the expansion of structures prevents natural resources from producing in their environment. Expect additional pressure on the land base for fuel production as energy policies encourage more bioenergy production.
In order to prevent the loss of wildlife the forests must maintain a stable climate and the land must remain unaffected by development.
Forests can be sustained by different management techniques, including reforestation and preservation. Reforestation is a reactive approach designed to replant trees that were previously logged within the forest boundary in attempts to re-stabilize this ecosystem. Preservation on the other hand is a proactive idea that promotes the concept of leaving the forest as is, without using this area for its ecosystem goods and services. Both of these methods to mitigate deforestation are being used throughout the world.
The United Nations General Assembly has proclaimed the UN Decade following a proposal for action by over 70 countries from all latitudes. The UN Decade is building a strong, broad-based global movement to ramp up restoration and put the world on track for a sustainable future. That will include building political momentum for restoration as well as thousands of initiatives on the ground.
The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration calls for the protection and revival of ecosystems for the benefit of people and nature. It aims to halt the degradation of ecosystems, and restore them to achieve global goals. Only with healthy ecosystems can we enhance people’s livelihoods, tackle climate change, and defend biodiversity.
Read The Full Story About The Decade Of Environmental Restoration